Gulf of Thailand (LME)
The Gulf of Thailand LME is located in Southeast Asia and bordered by Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. It covers a surface area of about 400,000 km², of which 0.80% is protected, and contains about 0.46% of the world’s coral reefs and 18 major estuaries (Sea Around Us 2007). The mean depth is 45 m and maximum depth 80 m (Piyakarnchana 1989, 1999). The tropical climate is governed by the northeast and southwest monsoon regimes, which have profound effects on the conditions within the Gulf (Piyakarnchana 1989, 1999). Geographically, the LME can be divided into the inner and outer Gulf. The inner Gulf is primarily influenced by river oufflow while the outer Gulf is influenced by seawater intrusion from the South China Sea. Water circulation is complex and influenced by tides and wind as well as differences in water densities.
- Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA)
- Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Centre (SEAFDEC)
- Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia (COBSEA)
- Building Partnerships for the Environmental Protection and Management of the East Asian Seas - closed (Project Closure)
- CTI Strategies for Fisheries Bycatch Management - closed (Project Approved)
- Demonstration of Community-based Mgt of Seagrass Habitats in Trikora Beach East Bintan, Riau Archipelago Province, Indonesia - closed (Project Completion)
- Demonstration of Sustainable Management of Coral Reef Resources in the Coastal Waters of Ninh Hai District, Ninh Thuan Province, Viet Nam - active (Project Approved)
- East Asian Seas Region: Development and Implementation of Public Private Partnerships in Environmental Investments - closed (Project Closure)
- Establishment and Operation of a Regional System of Fisheries Refugia in the South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand - active (Project Approved)
- Implementation of Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia - closed (Project Closure)
- Implementing the Strategic Action Programme for the South China Sea - active (Project Approved)
- Reversing Environmental Degradation Trends in the South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand (SCS) - closed (Project Completion)
- Strengthening Marine Protected Areas in SE China to conserve globally significant coastal biodiversity - active (Project Approved)
- Strengthening the Marine Protected Area System to Conserve Marine Key Biodiversity Areas - active (Project Approved)
- World Bank/GEF Partnership Investment Fund for Pollution Reduction in the Large Marine Ecosystems of East Asia (Tranche 1 of 3 tranches) - preparation (Concept Proposed)
- World Bank/GEF Partnership Investment Fund for Pollution Reduction in the Large Marine Ecosystems of East Asia (Tranche 1, Installment 2) (from November 05 WP) - preparation (Concept Approved)
|Available Metadata for GEF LME Projects|
|Total cost||294.00M US$|
|GEF allocation||76.00M US$|
1. Eleven permanent seagrass monitoring sites were established near Bolinao; five on Santiago Island and six in coastal baranguays on the mainland.
2. Sites in Hepu and Bolinao were established as seagrass conservation sites, sustainable use zones, and seagrass sanctuaries, giving the flora in the area time to recover from previous degradation and prevent it from future damages.
3. In Hepu, a t...
|GEF4 IW Tracking Tool (2010), GEF5 Tracking Tool (2012), UNEP Terminal Evaluation (2012)|
|See all results data|