Shanghai Agricultural and Non-Point Pollution Reduction project (SANPR) - under WB/GEF Strategic Partnership Investment Fund for Pollution Reduction in the LME of East Asia
The overall objectives of the GEF project are to:
- (i) reduce land-based pollution from the rural/agricultural sectors of the coastal areas and the East China Sea;
- (ii) promote and replicate cost-effective and resource-efficient agricultural sector pollution control and waste management; in particular management of livestock farm waste would as far as possible be based on conversion of waste to useable by-products and/or on energy recovery through the use of waste-to-fertilizer and waste-to-energy technology;
- (iii) promote and replicate methodologies appropriate for the cost-effective management of wastewater from diverse rural communities;
- (iv) protect water resources and enhance access to sanitation in rural areas; and
- (v) encourage and facilitate coastal conservation.
The Shanghai Agricultural and Non-point Pollution Reduction Project is the sixth project to be financed under the investment fund. The project will aim to take a comprehensive approach by implementing a number of innovative sub-projects in rural areas of Shanghai. The project development objective is to demonstrate effective and innovative pollution reduction activities in Shanghai's rural areas in order to reduce the rural/ agricultural pollution load in the surface water flows to the East China Sea through: (a) construction of livestock waste management facilities in large, medium and village based farms; (b) building wetlands in rural town and villages; (c) promoting integrated agricultural pollution reduction techniques; and (d) strengthening replication and dissemination.
The project objectives are to demonstrate effective and innovative pollution reduction activities in Shanghai's rural areas in order to reduce the rural/agricultural pollution load in the surface water flow to the East China Sea. The project focuses on most serious and urgent agricultural and non-point pollution issues prevailing in rural Shanghai and threatening to the East China Sea, i.e., (a) livestock wastes, (b) rural residential wastes, (c) agricultural chemical (chemical fertilizer, pesticide), and (d) crop straw.
Facing the East China Sea in the east, and bordering the Changjiang River (Yangtze) in the north, Shanghai is located at the mouth of the Changjian Delta. It is one of PR China's most important economic centers. Shanghai Minucipality consists of a core city, six outer districts and one county (Chongming Island). Approximately 4,000 of its 6,300 square kilometers are farmland. The core city is only 662 square kilometers, or about 10% of the total municipal area. All project activities will be carried out within the jurisdiction of Shanghai Municipality.
East China Sea (LME)
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|Documents & Resources|
|Project type||Full-Size Project|
|Status||closed (Project Closure)|
|Start Date||10 Jun 2010|
|End Date||30 Dec 2013|
|YES - See results data (3223)|
|Focal Area||International Waters|
|GEF Allocation to project||USD 4,788,000|
|Total Cost of the project:||USD 31,658,000|
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (WB)
Jian-Zhong Chen Senior Engineer
Hui Xin Liu Engineer
Song-Liang Zhou Lecturer
John Fraser Stewart Senior Natural Resources Specialist