Development and Protection of the Coastal and Marine Environment in Sub-Saharan Africa (CMEA)
The overall goal of the project is to assist Sub-Saharan African countries in achieving sustainable management of their coastal and marine environment and resources. It aims to augment existing activities by improving coordination and by initiating actions based on new partnerships.
The specific objectives of the project are to:
* Identify areas, sites or living resources of regional and global significance that are suffering measurable degradation (i.e., hot-spots);
* Determine the sources/causes of this degradation and the associated scales of impact (national, regional and global) to provide a basis for calculating incrementally at regional and extra-regional scales;
* Identify areas, sites and resources of regional significance that, although not currently degraded, are threatened with future degradation either because of the sensitivity of the receptor or the magnitude of the activity posing the threat; * Determine, through root-cause analysis, the fundamental causes of the damage or threat posed; and
* Design a programme of interventions addressing problems of regional priority that may be presented to the Partnership Conference.
The main activities, which will be implemented to achieve the project's objectives, are:
* Development of criteria and guidelines for the identification and characterisation of environmental hot-spots and sensitive areas, resources and amenities (methodologies of GIWA (Global International Waters Assessment) and ACOPS will be used);
* Root cause analysis (RCA) of existing impacts and threats to the marine and coastal environment (UNESCO/IOC is in charge of this activity, which is being carried out in cooperation with ACOPS under the Memorandum of Understanding signed between UNESCO/IOC and ACOPS);
* Identification and characterization of environmental hot-spots and threatened sensitive areas, resources and amenities warranting special protection; and
* Design a Programme of Interventions addressing problems of regional priority.
These activities are also a concrete example of implementation of the Abidjan and Nairobi Conventions. Though the development of methodology, the root cause analysis, the hot-spots and sensitive areas analysis, and preparation of interventions for the Partnership Conference are presented in the Project Brief as separate activities, the intention is to implement them as an interlinked whole, particularly the root cause and hot spots/sensitive areas analyses.