Lake Manzala Engineered Wetland Project - Results
GEF IDS: 395
UNDP Terminal Evaluation (2007), Results Note (2013)
Key Basin Project Results
1. Construction of a demonstration engineered wetland wastewater treatment facility, plus a fish farm which utilizes the treated water.
2. Demonstration through research and stakeholder involvement that engineered wetlands can be a cost effective, efficient way to clean and reuse scarce and polluted water in the Nile Delta and beyond.
3. Very strong backing of the government as indicated by subsequent replication projects; and expansion of national expertise via government ministries, research institutions and researchers.
Municipal wastewater pollution reduction
Year: N/A - Value: [see desc]INDICATOR #1: A demonstration wetland treatment system constructed, consisting of a sedimentation pond, engineered wetlands, and aquaculture facility. [Target: Treatment capacity of 25,000 cubic meters of water per day (approximately 1% of the Bahr El Baqar Drain flow).]
Working under challenging site conditions, the project team constructed a functioning wastewater treatment facility that is effectively treating the targeted flow. Preliminary results showed that the LMEWP facility could accommodate a flow of up to 40,000 cubic meters per day due to better than expected influent quality coming from the Bahr El Baqar Drain and the climatic conditions (hot, sunny) of the region.
The project has demonstrated that treatment levels can be attained that enable a wide range of (non-potable) reuse options, in particular for fish farming. It has produced a business plan and several manuals that (i) demonstrate the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the plant and (ii) provide the responsible institution with all the necessary information for its operation.
Establishment of country-specific inter-ministerial committees
Year: N/A - Value: YESINDICATOR #3 National inter-ministry coordination and communication. [Target: Ensure sustainability of operation after the GEF funds phase out.]
Five ministries worked collaboratively on the LMEWP. The Ministries of Environment and Water Resources worked together to hand over the facility at completion to the Ministry of Water’s National Water Research Center, which has assumed responsibility for operation and management using its own governmental resources.
Year: N/A - Value: YESINDICATOR #2 Adoption of national and regional legal, policy and institutional reforms that address priority transboundary concerns. [Target: A strategic vision and a national policy for the use of engineered wetlands in Egypt for reuse of wastewater.]
A national policy incorporating engineered wetlands was under preparation with the interest of the Dutch-Egyptian Water Advisory Panel.