Aral Sea 24 Giwa Regional Assessment
Water has always been the most limiting factor for the inhabitants of Central Asia. Historically, the countries of the region have adapted to the water scarce conditions through a legacy of sustainable water management that dates back several thousand years. The Global International Waters Assessment (GIWA) of the Aral Sea Basin describes how since the 1960s water abstraction for economic activities, particularly irrigated farming, has become unsustainable and now exceeds the carrying capacity of the region’s ecosystems. Insuffi cient water is allocated to the lower reaches of the region’s rivers and the Aral Sea, which has resulted in an environmental catastrophe.
10 Jan 2014 by iwlearn