Baseline Survey on Lakes Edward and Albert Integrated Fisheries and Water Resources Management Project
The report provides an overview of findings of the study organised along three local areas that include oil and gas exploration, integrated water resources, management , livelihoods and climate change in the Albertine Graben. The study focused on areas around Lakes Albert and Lake Edward and some of the ecosystems that are strictly protected as national parks (such as QENP, MFNP) and wildlife reserves (such as Bugungu and Kabwoya); while others such as rivers and lakes are controlled areas. The findings of the field work suggest that there is increased dependence of the local communities on the ecosystems resources and conflicts between the fisher folk from DR Congo and their Ugandan country parts on Lake Edward. The increased local use of the of the natural resources such as increased extraction of water from Mpanga river for use in Kamwenge Town, increased fishing in the Lakes Edward and Albert, increased salt mining from Lake Kate, increased uptake of water from Muhokya river for crop irrigation and cattle and the large scale extraction of resources such as lime mining and the oil exploration exert considerable pressure on the ecosystems making them vulnerable degradation. There considerable levels and incidences of conflict over ecosystem resources emanating from conflicting and sometime competing resources uses.
27 mar. 2014