INTERNATIONAL WATERS LEARNING EXCHANGE & RESOURCE NETWORK

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LME:LEARN - LARGE MARINE ECOSYSTEMS

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03 Aug 2019 - publication - English Marine ecosystem regime shifts: challenges and opportunities for ecosystem-based management
AUTHORS: Phillip S. Levin and Christian Möllmann ABSTRACT: Regime shifts have been observed in marine ecosystems around the globe. These phenomena can result in dramatic changes in the provision of ecosystem services to coastal communities. Accounting for regime shifts in management clearly requires integrative, ecosystem-based management (EBM) approaches. EBM has emerged as an accepted paradigm for ocean management worldwide, yet, despite the rapid and intense development of EBM theory,...
03 Aug 2019 - publication - English Implementation challenges of area-based management tools (ABMTs) for biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ)
AUTHOR: Elizabeth M. De Santo ABSTRACT: Area-based management tools (ABMTs), including marine protected areas (MPAs) are widely recognized as a key mechanism for conserving and restoring biodiversity. The developing international legally-binding instrument (ILBI) on biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) is considering a range of approaches to ABMTs. While the process is still in early stages, this paper looks ahead to anticipate implementation challenges for ABMTs, given previo...
03 Aug 2019 - publication - English Mapping the global value and distribution of coral reef tourism
AUTHORS: Mark Spalding, Lauretta Burke, Spencer A. Wood, Joscelyne Ashpole, James Hutchison, Philine zu Ermgassen ABSTRACT: Global coral reef related tourism is one of the most significant examples of nature-based tourism from a single ecosystem. Coral reefs attract foreign and domestic visitors and generate revenues, including foreign exchange earnings, in over 100 countries and territories. Understanding the full value of coral reefs to tourism, and the spatial distribution of these val...
03 Aug 2019 - publication - English Marine spatial planning for enhanced fisheries and aquaculture sustainability Its application in the Near East
AUTHORS: Geoffery J. Meaden, José Aguilar-Manjarrez, Richard Anthony Corner, Anne Marie O’Hagan, Francesco Cardia ABSTRACT: This document provides a clear and comprehensive account for the application of marine spatial planning (MSP) within the Regional Commission for Fisheries (RECOFI) region. It builds on regional technical workshops, held under the auspices of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), aimed principally at improving the prospects for fisheries a...
03 Aug 2019 - publication - English Marine spatial planning and Good Environmental Status: a perspective on spatial and temporal dimensions
AUTHORS: Alison J. Gilbert, Karen Alexander, Rafael Sardá, Raminta Brazinskaite, Christian Fischer, Kira Gee, Mark Jessopp, Peter Kershaw, Hans J. Los, David March Morla, Cathal O'Mahony, Mia Pihlajamäki, Siân Rees and Riku Varjopuro ABSTRACT: The European Union Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires the Good Environmental Status of marine environments in Europe's regional seas; yet, maritime activities, including sources of marine degradation, are diversifying and intensifying in a...
03 Aug 2019 - publication - English Maritime spatial planning: opportunities & challenges in the framework of the EU integrated maritime policy
AUTHORS: Nicole Schaefer and Vittorio Barale ABSTRACT: In recent years, maritime spatial planning (MSP) has become an internationally emerging, promising tool for the implementation of integrated ocean management. MSP provides the appropriate framework for public authorities and stakeholders to coordinate their action across sectors and administrative boundaries, and to optimize the use of natural resources. In November 2008 the European Commission adopted the Communication “Roadmap for M...
03 Aug 2019 - publication - English Introduction to marine spatial planning
AUTHOR: Charles N. Ehler ABSTRACT: Competition and conflict for space and resources characterizes the oceans of the Coral Triangle. Because of some of the highest rates of population growth and increasing food and development needs, these waters are now experiencing increased levels of conflict and social unrest as a result of differing and uneven levels of economic development, resource use, and technological change between urban and rural area within a country. Economic and technologica...
03 Aug 2019 - publication - English Marine protected areas, marine spatial planning, and the resilience of marine ecosystems
AUTHORS: Robin Kundis Craig and Terry Hughes ABSTRACT: This chapter of a forthcoming book entitled RESILIENCE AND THE LAW explores the stressors to marine ecosystems and the role that place-based marine management, including marine protected areas (MPAs), marine reserves or No-Take Areas (NTAs), and marine spatial planning can play in maintaining and increasing these ecosystems' resilience, especially in the face of climate change impacts. It covers both the science and the law governing ...
01 Aug 2019 - publication - English Scaling up Community Actions for International Waters Management
The GEF Small Grants Programme has supported the implementation of regional Strategic Action Programmes with 1,027 small grant projects in more than forty transboundary waterbodies around the World. SGP experience show that communities when empowered to take action can implement concrete measures to reverse environmental degradation trends. The ten cases in this publication further highlight the way in which diverse communities from Cuba to Cape Verde, and Mauritius to Malaysia have tackled c...
01 Aug 2019 - publication - English The Political Economy of Regionalism: The Relevance for International Waters and the Global Environment Facility
Most freshwater and marine systems are transboundary in nature and therefore depend on sound regionalism and regional governance. The way these transboundary water systems are governed and managed is of vital importance for economic and social development, food security, biodiversity conservation, and the sustainable use and maintenance of ecosystem services. Yet there is little systematic knowledge about how transboundary water management systems are affected by regionalism and regional orga...
01 Aug 2019 - publication - English Governance Challenges, Gaps and Management Opportunities in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction: A STAP Information Paper
Published in May 2017, this STAP information paper synthesizes the regulatory and legal frameworks of UNCLOS. It encourages the GEF to support actions that account for the diversity of ecosystem services that ABNJ provides to regulating the climate, maintaining and enhancing marine biodiversity, and supporting local livelihoods. Integrated spatial planning and other tools, or approaches, can help support future actions on ABNJ while strengthening governance arrangements that can address futur...
01 Aug 2019 - publication - English Blue Economy: Community Solutions
This publication includes examples from across different continents, ecosystems and cultures, but they all address the priorities of livelihoods and conservation in combination and bring benefits on both fronts. By giving local communities an immediate, concrete stake in the sustainable management of the ocean’s resources, these projects have each secured the local stewardship they need to be a viable, long-term part of the blue economy.
01 Aug 2019 - publication - English Island Innovations
This publication showcases some of the most successful approaches and achievements emerging from Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and zooms in on a range of actions, including conservation and sustainable use of critical marine and coastal resources, climate change mitigation, adaptation efforts and more. For example, in Vanuatu, UNDP-GEF has helped the country to embrace sustainable land management techniques that protect the environment and strengthen customary and traditional knowledg...
31 Jul 2019 - publication - English Participatory Design of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea
AUTHORS: Sander van den Burg, Marian Stuiver, Jenny Norrman, Rita Garção, Tore Söderqvist, Christine Röckmann, Jan-Joost Schouten, Ole Petersen, Raul Guanche García, Pedro Diaz-Simal, Mark de Bel, Lucía Meneses Aja, Fabio Zagonari, Barbara Zanuttigh, Javier Sarmiento, Amerissa Giannouli and Phoebe Koundouri ABSTRACT: European oceans are subject to rapid development. New activities such as aquaculture and ocean energy have gained importance. This triggers interest in “multi-use platforms a...
31 Jul 2019 - publication - English Social innovation – A future pathway for Blue growth?
AUTHORS: Katrine Soma, Sander W.K. van den Burg, Ellen W.J. Hoefnagel, Marian Stuiver, C. Martijn van der Heide ABSTRACT: The European Union has launched the Blue growth concept as a strategy for stimulating economic growth in European seas. It is accompanying the core principles of the Green growth paradigm that seek to stimulate smart, sustainable and inclusive growth of economic activities. Focusing on Blue growth, this article examines its adequacy to enable social innovation as a str...
31 Jul 2019 - publication - English Securing a Long-term Future for Coral Reefs
AUTHORS: Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Emma V. Kennedy, Hawthorne L. Beyer, Caleb McClennen and Hugh P. Possingham ABSTRACT: Severe degradation of coral reefs in recent decades has been driven by a range of threatening processes including climate change. Ocean warming is expected to have further severe impacts on reefs unless global warming is restrained well below 2°C (the goals of the Paris Agreement). Not all coral reefs are equally at risk from climate change, however, suggesting the potential ...
29 Jul 2019 - publication - English Conceptual advances on global scale assessments of vulnerability: Informing investments for coastal populations at risk of climate change
AUTHORS: Adrien Comte, Linwood H. Pendleton, Denis Bailly, Emmanuelle Quillérou ABSTRACT: Since the 1990s, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has used global assessments of vulnerability to inform investment and action against the effects of climate change. Beyond the IPCC, others have undertaken global assessments to understand the vulnerability of coastal areas to climate change. Eight global vulnerability assessments are compared to understand similarities and differe...
29 Jul 2019 - publication - English The once and future treaty: Towards a new regime for biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction
AUTHORS: Rachel Tiller, Elizabeth De Santo, Elizabeth Mendenhall, Elizabeth Nyman ABSTRACT: The current regime governing Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ) as a global commons has resulted in overutilization of fisheries resources and patchwork attempts to regulate resource extraction. States are looking to expand resource extraction in ABNJs, including marine genetic resources, creating pressures to regulate these activities. As a result, since 2004, the United Nations has been ho...
29 Jul 2019 - publication - English The multi-use in wind farm projects: more conflicts or a win-win opportunity?
AUTHORS: Denis Lacroix and Sylvain Pioch ABSTRACT: The pressures on the use of the seashore are steadily rising, not only in developed countries but worldwide. Anthropogenic activity has long impacted the marine continental shelf down to a depth of approximately –200 m. New activities are now affecting this coastal space such as renewable energies, recreational uses and aquaculture in addition to the traditional ones of navigation or fishing. This evolution raises new sources of conflict ...
29 Jul 2019 - publication - English The potential of the blue economy : increasing long-term benefits of the sustainable use of marine resources for small island developing states and coastal least developed countries
AUTHORS: Marjo Vierros and Charlotte De Fontaubert ABSTRACT: This report was drafted by a working group of United Nations entities, the World Bank, and other stakeholders to suggest a common understanding of the blue economy; to highlight the importance of such an approach, particularly for small island developing states and coastal least developed countries; to identify some of the key challenges its adoption poses; and to suggest some broad next steps that are called for in order to en...

 

 

 

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