International Waters learning Exchange & Resource Network
Small Island Developing States: Addressing SIDS Vulnerabilities Through Regional Cooperation
The LME:LEARN Policy Briefs tackle the context and importance of a specific topic or theme, provide critique of policy options and recommendations, as well as case studies in some of the world's managed LMEs and its coasts. When it comes to implementation of regional and transboundary issues, SIDS, like all coastal and island countries, may face additional challenges. A common trait shared by nearly all SIDS is an increased vulnerability to economic and environmental shocks. SIDS heightened economic vulnerability can be traced back to economic constraints, including a lack of access to markets, diseconomies of scale, and restricted pools of human and other capital.

Science to Management: Addressing Information Gaps for Decision Making for Large Marine Ecosystem Management
Translating science to management is a key issue for all natural resource managers. Yet, in many situations, access to information or data is unavailable and often unknown. Making decisions in these situations is not easy and can require being resourceful with what knowledge is available and strategic in how to any information and data gaps. This policy brief will provide useful examples of how to address issues translating science to management for policy makers based on lessons learned in the GEF International Waters Large Marine Ecosystem portfolio.

Marine Spatial Planning: Harnessing Marine Spatial Planning for Multi-Stakeholder Engagement
The LME:LEARN Policy Briefs tackle the context and importance of a specific topic or theme, provide critique of policy options and recommendations, as well as case studies in some of the world's managed LMEs. This brief covers marine spatial planning. The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO defines Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) as a process of analyzing and allocating the spatial and temporal distribution of human activities in marine areas to achieve ecological, economic and social objectives. Building on this, the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity views MSP as an area-based management framework that provides a means for improving decision-making as it relates to the use of marine resources and space. Rooted in the concept of drawing on ecosystem connectivity to sustain natural resource management known as ecosystem-based management (EBM), ultimately MSP provides a suitable means for informing, facilitating, and overall improving decision-making as it relates to the use of marine resources and space (Published in April 2020).

Climate Change Adaptation: Taking a proactive approach towards mainstreaming long-term climate change adaptation strategies
The LME:LEARN Policy Briefs tackle the context and importance of a specific topic or theme, provide critique of policy options and recommendations, as well as case studies in some of the world's managed LMEs and their coasts. This policy brief touches on a global challenge affecting the world, including the marine environment.

Transboundary LME Governance: The Importance of Political Commitment for Large Marine Ecosystem Management
The LME:LEARN Policy Briefs tackle the context and importance of a specific topic or theme, provide critique of policy options and recommendations, as well as case studies in some of the world's managed LMEs. This Policy Brief addresses the significance of continued cooperation of good governance among all participating countries in the long-term success of shared marine resources.