Sources of Information
A significant number of guidance documents, scientific literature, scientific journal articles, and other reports on climate variability and change are available in the public and non-public domains to assist those participating in GEF IW projects to understand the key issues and to guide the implementation of these projects. However, the range of available material can in itself be a problem and this GEF IW: LEARN 'guide to the guidance' is intended to assist projects to focus on the most appropriate documents and case studies.
Projects should also recognize the significant national/regional resources that are likely to be available to assist in making IW projects robust with regards to climate variability and change. This will include expertise and data involved in preparing national reports and communications to the UNFCCC.
In addition to the many sources of references available there are many explanations of the terms used within climate variability and change studies, for example the World Bank has provided a summary of possible definitions.
An example of national resource for mainstreaming: Canada
The document provides general guidance, to be considered at the discretion of jurisdictions and regulatory authorities and includes: methods that can be used to obtain and evaluate information concerning a project's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the impacts of climate change on a project; key sources of information that practitioners can use to address climate change considerations in project EA; and methodology to encourage the consistent consideration of climate change in the EA process across federal, provincial and territorial jurisdictions and institutions of public government responsible for EA.
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency: Incorporating Climate Change Considerations in Environmental Assessment: General Guidance for Practitioners (Ref. Doc. 43)