Gulf of Aqaba Environmental Action Plan - Results
GEF IDS: 72
IWC6 Results Note (2011), World Bank Terminal Evaluation (2002)
Key Basin Project Results
1. Development of Regulatory and Institutional Framework: The Environment Department was fully integrated into Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA), allowing Aqaba to become the only region in Jordan where a legalized Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system is enforced. Intensive preparatory work on a CZM framework paid off and the project showed that crossing institutional borders through having different ministries and organizations participate together in training and capacity building activities can enhance overall implementation effectiveness.
2. Oil spill risk minimization and waste oil recovery: During implementation, project staff initiated a dialogue with three major producers of waste oil to tackle the issue of land based oil recovery. Not only was the dialogue successful in leading to group consensus on the issue, but a national oil refinery agreed to accept and pay JD35/ton for the recovered waste oil, thereby eliminating a source of pollution. The project demonstrated that well designed cost recovery mechanisms with strong enforcement can help to ensure financial sustainability. The Port Authority has also upgraded all its facilities into environmental compliance under the new ASEZA laws, a notable achievement.
3. Development and Implementation of the Jordanian Marine Park: Zoning and infrastructure of marine park facilities have been completed, including: 4 jetties (2 funded by the project), terrestrial demarcation, toilet and shower facilities, umbrellas, parking, camping grounds, ranger posts, and first-aid station. The Visitor Center (photo above) has been completed, including multi-media equipment, interpretation and public awareness activities.
The project has catalyzed efforts by other donors, such as the USAID MERC project, which is based on operational capacity buwlt by the project. A joint Jordanian and Israeli sea monitoring program is being devised under the USAID MERC project.
Municipal wastewater pollution reduction
Year: N/A - Value: [see desc]1D. Development of an lntegrated Marine and Land-Based Transboundary Solid Waste Management Strategy: During the February 2000 mission, this component was reassessed to take account of a ARA decision to take the solid waste management function back from the private sector and hand it to the municipality. Given GTZ's readiness to provide TA and equipment, it was agreed that the component would be carried out by GTZ with GTZ funding. The budget for the component ($30,000 for equipment and $90,000 for training) was reallocated to the Visitor Center.
Industrial wastewater pollution reduction
Year: N/A - Value: [see desc]The Memorandum of Understanding between the Ports Authority and ASEZA, defining responsibilities for oil spill response and legal measures as well as outlining preventive measures for chemical oil spill prevention, has been signed. The Port Authority has upgraded all its facilities into environmental compliance under the new ASEZA laws, a notable achievement.
INDICATOR #1: Oil Spill measures and Waste oil recovery
The Memorandum of Understanding between the Ports Authority and ASEZA has been signed, and demonstration actions for waste oil recovery underway
Restored habitat, including wetlands
Year: N/A - Value: [see desc]The mandate to protect the marine environment has been clearly established under the Environmental Protection By-Law (Arts. 52-64). The annual Marine Park Management Plan is updated on a regular basis and being implemented. Response of the Aqaba community to the Marine Park Beach has been very positive, as demonstrated by the exemplary usage of the beach, particularly on weekend days, and respect for the coral reef and fishes.
INDICATOR #2: Protections of coral reefs
Staff in place, boundaries defined, management plan completed, policing and enforcement actions in
Conserved/protected wetland, MPAs, and fish refugia habitat
Year: N/A - Value: [see desc]E. Protection of Globally lmportant Coral Reefs - Development and Implemnentation of the Jordanian Marine Park (§): The mandate to protect the marine environment has been clearly established under the Environmnental Protection By-Law (Arts. 52-64). On January 30, 2001, the Cabinet approved Marine Park By-Law No. 22 for the Year 2001. Art. 5 of this By-Law, calling for the establishment of an "Aqaba Marine Park Committee " (which includes representation of diverse stakeholder groups), has been implemented. The conmmittee, which is responsible for administering the Park under the chairmanship of the Commissioner for Environmental Affairs, is fully operational. The annual Marine Park Management Plan is updated on a regular basis. The last update, under the project, was finalized and subsequently adopted by ASEZA Board, pursuant to Art. 5 of the Marine Park By-Law. The Marine Park By-Law gives general enforcement powers to Park employees, public security forces and coastal policemen, with delineation of specific powers and procedures to be set forth in an instruction that is to be approved by the ASEZA Board. Zoning and infrastructure of marine park facilities have been completed, including: 4 jetties (2 funded by the project), terrestrial demarcation, toilet and shower facilities, umbrellas, parking, camping grounds, ranger posts, and first-aid station. ASEZA has constructed one additional jetty in the El Morjan beach area to provide access to bathers without damaging coral reefs. Construction has also been completed of additional toilet facilities, camping and parking demarcation and sun shades south of the of the Visitor Center as an ASEZA contribution. The Visitor Center has been completed, including
multi-media equipment, interpretation and public awareness activities. The implementation of the landscaping of the surrounding area, funded by ASEZA, is to be completed by end 2002. Rangers training and hiring is completed. The Marine Park Management Plan has been updated and subsequently adopted by ASEZA's Board. The Arabic version has been updated accordingly and its fundamental principles and supporting regulations are disseminated widely through public relations materials. The Public Awareness Specialist has been recruited as an ASEZA staff. All Marine Park brochures have been finalized and
printed in Arabic and English.
Aquifer recharge area protection
Year: N/A - Value: [see desc]C. Safeguarding, Transboundary Groundwater Resources (SQ: This component has been completed satisfactorily in conjunction with the monitoring committee and within the project's limits and is catalyzing larger scale efforts based on operational capacity built by the project. As a result of the groundwater study's recommendation of need for further data collection for planning purpose, ASEZA has acquired the Visual MODFLOW software to model availability of groundwater resources and carry out short and long-term simulations using various water demand scenarios. A consultant assisted in the calibration of the model and with additional essential fieldwork and data collection on the groundwater aquifer. The data collection report and the modeling exercise was completed. The model will serve to assess the annual yield of the aquifer as well as to simulate the path lines of pollution into the Gulf. It will also assist in tracing the sources of pollution in the groundwater aquifers.
Regional legal agreements and cooperation frameworks
Year: N/A - Value: NAPRegional Cooperation efforts are another exemplary result of the project, especially in the light of the political circumstances. Active participation in the Red Sea Marine Peace Park Steering Committee meetings continues. ASEZA has been confirmed as Jordan's official representative to PERSGA and has already been recognized as a leader in carrying out the PERSGA agenda, having been instrumental in increasing regional cooperation and information exchange.
Year: N/A - Value: YESA. Development of Regulatorv and Institutional Framework CES2: The project's achievement in this component has exceeded expectations. It has had an enormous development impact and plays an essential role in ensuring project sustainability. The Environment Department created under the project and all of its staff were fully integrated into ASEZA. It provided staff (including of: the project; ASEZA/former ARA; Port Authority; MSS; Ministries of Health, Agriculture, and Tourism; NGOs; local industries, fishermen, etc.) essential training and experience that enabled the set-up, running, and institutional mainstreaming of
an exemplary Environment Commission- setting up a precedent for the country. Chief amongst the achievements is the fact that he Aqaba region, under ASEZA, is the only region in Jordan where a legalized Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system is enforced (EIAs have yet to be a requirement at the national level in Jordan). It also enabled the establishment and implementation of the Marine Park as well as other activities on the ground.
Two directorates, established within the Environment Commission of ASEZA, are fully operational: the Directorate of Environmental Planning and the Directorate of Environmental Supervision and Enforcement. The Directorate of Environmental Planning incorporates, among others, the environmental impact assessment, environmental inspection and auditing, and industrial pollution prevention standard-setting functions of the Project. The Directorate of Environmental Supervision and Enforcement includes divisions addressing public awareness, coastal policing and enforcement, marine pollution prevention and response, and marine park management - all central elements of the GAEAP. With regard to regulatory capacity-building, key Project elements (e.g. environmental impact assessment and environmental auditing procedures) have been fully incorporated into binding ASEZA legislation. Other elements (e.g. coastal zone management, marine park management, marine vessel pollution prevention, industrial pollution prevention) are generally mandated, with specific implementing provisions to be adopted through subsequent regulations.