Background Reading: Benefit Sharing - IUCN
Aside from contributing to sustainable water resource management, benefit sharing can also contribute to conflict resolution and strengthen diplomatic processes. This is because benefit sharing agreements are negotiated through consensus building and with the involvement of all relevant stakeholders from different levels and sectors. However, to be successful, benefit sharing agreements must be based on the principle of equity and must have clear implementation and dispute resolution mechanisms.
In Asia, the BRIDGE project is working on the 3S Basins (Sekong, Sesan and Sre Pok Rivers) shared by Cambodia, Viet Nam and Lao PDR; and the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna basin shared by Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India and Nepal. The programme has been operational since 2011, and has provided opportunities for dialogue and training on hydro-diplomacy for key stakeholders, facilitated the sharing of information on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), and produced data and studies to support technical discussions across basins. Through those programmes, dialogues on benefit sharing opportunities were conducted, as entry point for the support to water related institutions and frameworks.
The session will provide a platform for GEF IW projects to develop a better understanding of the steps and mechanisms to develop and operationalize any agreement on benefit sharing among different stakeholders in the context of trans-boundary water resource management. The workshop will include technical presentations and practical role play exercise allowing participants apply the concepts learned during the technical sessions.
Case studies will be relevant for both freshwater and marine GEF IW projects.