This chapter discusses risk scenarios for oil spills in marine as well as terrestrial environments, along with the environmental impact of routine releases of contaminants from oil and gas exploration. Special sections of the chapter are devoted to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Of all the contaminants associated with petroleum production, these persistent organic pollutants present the greatest risk to environment and health. PAHs also have several other sources that contribute to their load in the environment.
11 Aug 2014