The continuing decline of many fisheries and fish resources throughout the Large Marine Ecosystems of Africa, and the livelihoods that depend on these fisheries, as well as the loss of marine biodiversity, underline the urgency of assisting coastal African countries to create systems of sustainable governance and utilization of fish resources. Specifically, the five target LME’s identified in the SSA region are the Canary Current (West Africa); Guinea Current (Gulf of Guinea), Benguela Current (Namibia, Angola, South Africa), Agulhas Current (continental shelf shared by South Africa, Mozambique, Comoro Islands, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius) and; Somali Current (Tanzania, Kenya, Somali). Total marine production from the LMEs seems to have reached a plateau since the early 1990s, and the number of overexploited and depleted stocks is rising throughout the region.
13 apr. 2010