An Introduction to Marine Spatial Planning
AUTHOR: Charles N. Ehler ABSTRACT: Competition and confl ict for space and resources characterizes the oceans of the Coral Triangle. Because of some of the highest rates of population growth and increasing food and development needs, these waters are now experiencing increased levels of conflict and social unrest as a result of differing and uneven levels of economic development, resource use, and technological change between urban and rural area within a country. Economic and technological changes in the last 15 years have caused serious discrepancies in access to ocean resources in the region. Increased activity in the ocean environment has led to two important types of conflicting t he region: (1) conflicts among human uses (user-user conflicts); and (2) conflicts between human uses and the marine environment (user-environment conflicts). These conflicts weaken the ability of the ocean to provide the necessary ecosystem services upon which humans and all other life depend. The purpose of this guide is to explain clearly and briefly how MSP can be used to implement ecosystem-based management. It also explains how MSP can be integrated with the ecosystem-based fi sherries management, marine protected area management, and climate change adaptation work that the CTI-CFF nations are already undertaking to support the RPOA and respective NPOAs. The CTI RPOA presents a regional platform for application of MSP at national and sub-national levels that will contribute to regional outcomes (CTI-CFF, 2009). In addition to being specify rally represented in the RPOA and NPOAs of the CTI-CFF, several applied building blocks leading to application of EBM in the Coral Triangle are in place. Published in Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs,Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF), November 2013.
19 Oct 2019