Examining the role of integration in marine spatial planning: Towards an analytical framework to understand challenges in diverse settings
AUTHORS: Fred Saunders, Michael Gilek, Jon Day, Björn Hassler, Jennifer McCann, Tiffany Smythe INTRODUCTION (Excerpt): Marine spatial planning (MSP) as a means of marine governance has been given more prominence recently in response to the problems of fragmentation of marine regulation, environmental protection from increasing pressures upon the seas and the emergence of new maritime industries (Douvere and Ehler, 2009). Therefore enhancing multiple aspects of the way that marine authorities, sectors and stakeholders interact and engage with each other is integral to MSP's role and function and seen as a key means to address fragmented and isolated decision-making in marine space (Portman, 2016). While the function nd processes of enhancing integration should not be seen as ends in themselves, they aim to create institutionalised platforms that support multi-level and multi-sectoral governance interaction to achieve ‘sustainable use’ of marine space (Gilek et al., 2016; Ritchie and Ellis, 2010; Varjopuro et al., 2015). Here, integration mostly plays an instrumental role in realising multiple and divergent political ends (e.g. blue growth, sustainable use, legitimate decision-making) related to ‘integrated spatialized outcomes’ that seek to reflect a balance of competing goals (Flannery et al., 2016; Flannery et al., 2018; Jones et al., 2016; Olsen et al., 2014a). Integration is also seen to be important to foster greater connectivity over borders, beneficial for conservation, shipping and fishing (Jay et al., 2016). Published in Elsevier, Ocean and Coastal Management, Volume 169, 1 March 2019, Pages 1-9. This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).
12 Jul 2019