Madagascar MEDA Report
Madagascar, the world’s 4th largest island, is located in the Southwest Indian Ocean with a total surface area of approximately 590,000 km². Madagascar is officially divided into 22 regions with 13 coastal regions. The key coastal ecosystems include estuaries, coral reefs and mangrove swamps. The mangrove forests occupy approximately 327 000ha and coral reefs are found along 1,400 km of the coastline. The East coast is very steep compared to the West coast which is gentler. The contrasting physiographic characteristics between the two regions have had a direct impact on drainage patterns with the longest rivers being found on the western side of the island. The eastern region is characterised by relatively short rivers with very steep slopes and numerous waterfalls. Madagascar’s climate is very varied, due to the influences of ocean currents, atmospheric processes, latitude and relief.
09 Oct 2013