GEF and Integration of Activities in Biodiversity and International Waters
Development Objective: To Contain Existing Damage and Prevent Further Environmental Degradation of the Gulf of Aqaba’s Coast, Coral Reefs and Marine Ecosystem.
The East China Sea: GIWA Application for Sub-region No.36
Objective: Impetus for establishing a framework for the sustainable development for marine ecosystems in the East China Sea, is more significant in from social perspective than the economics of such an endeavour.
GIWA: What We Learned?
The GIWA Project Document: The Project Document too Prescriptive.
Focus on policy analysis without adequate input from policy specialists.
Ambiguities of the Project Document.
Global Water Stewardship and the Coca-cola Company
Our Global Water Initiative : Assess and mitigate current system risks.
Build collaborative water strategy for the system.
Design & implement solutions.
Establish platforms for leadership.
Integrated Natural Resource Management and the GEF- Reconciling Global Environmental Values and Sustainable Development
A Principal Objective: Every integrated program of interventions will be aimed at achieving a principal objective, whose nature will depend upon the “entry point” and whose goal, in line with the MDGs and the WSSD Plan of Implementation, will be the fostering of environmentally sustainable development. In doing so, global benefits will be accrued in a cluster of focal areas, or even in all of them. A tentative/preliminary Operational Program indication will correspond to the Principal Objective.
International Waters Program: New Opportunities for the World Bank
A Long-Term Interest: World Bank Worked Extensively on the Management of International Waters Prior to Establishment of the GEF
Major pre-GEF programs included the Mediterranean Sea and Baltic Sea
Our Environment Network has Viewed Freshwater, Coastal and Marine Resources as a Management Continuum, but this Has Not Been Fully Translated into Bank Water Resources Management Operations
UNDP - GEF International Waters Portfolio: Progress Since Dalian and Lessons Learned
UNEP GEF IW Portfolio: As at June 2005 the UNEP IW Portfolio consist of 35 projects with GEF grant funding of $124 million and total funding of $261 million.
The portfolio comprises 21 full size projects, 7 medium-sized projects and 7 projects under development with project preparation and development (PDF) grants.
These include six full size projects implemented jointly with one or more of the other GEF implementing agencies.
UNDP-GEF International Water Portfolio June 2005
Impacts/Outcomes: 15 Lake and River Basins
11 Large Marine Ecosystems.
5 Global projects.
$300 million portfolio.
$1 billion co-finance.
Over 100 countries supported and participating.
12 Strategic Action Programmes adopted.
5 regional or international legal agreements adopted.
LME Breakout Session
Great global demand for adequate M&E.
Demonstrate links between projects and beneficial impacts.
Need for wider scope of indicators (governance etc.).
Need for coordination between GEF agencies and donors.
Strong need for coordination at national level.
Need for coordination at low cost.
Existing frameworks not fully operational.
Lake Basin Thematic Sessions 1, 2, and 3
Objective: Design projects to seek balance between technical and administrative aspects.
Implement a sub-basin approach.
Avoid decisions based on achieving a quick fix.
Be focused but also flexible.
Use environmental projects as a starting point for cooperation on other issues.
Design projects to actively involve countries.
Consider the full impacts of the project, including poverty alleviation.
What to Learn? How to Learn? Results from the River Basin Breakout Sessions
Global benefit: How to assess global benefit of IW in transboundary environmental problems?
Regional Program of Action and Demonstration of Sustainable Alternatives to DDT for Malaria Vector Control in Mexico and Central America
Focal Areas: This Project conforms with the Contaminant-based Operational Program No. 10 and will help demonstrate ways of overcoming barriers to the adoption of best practices that limit contamination of the international waters environment. The proposed activities are also consistent with several provisions with the adopted Stockholm Convention on POPs. DDT is one of the POPs in the Stockholm Convention.
A Dominican Republic Case: Demonstrating Sustainable Land Management in the Upper Sabana Yegua Watershed
The priority agenda: Keep learning how to best manage interlinkages at the operational level, through integrated project approaches. To derive local and global environmental benefits, promote sustainable development, and meet human needs.
Experiences and Lessons Learned in the Conservation and Sustainable Use of MesoAmerica Barrier Reff Systems Project (MBRS)
The Project intentionally designed and implemented from a truly regional perspective
Project skewed towards investments in transboundary areas
All activities developed and implemented using the ‘good neighbor’/’common interest’ principle
Bottom up approach crucial for securing regional political buy in
Transboundary Commissions are key mechanisms for promoting harmonization of biodiversity regulations across borders.
Integrated Approaches Across Focal Areas
Actions: Develop a design tool to help incorporate linkages between focal areas
at program level, to break down silos at project level to hard wire linkages into project design (see STAP tool)
Improve coordination of GEF projects across focal areas within a geographic region where potential synergies and value added are high. Capture these synergies in policy reform and governance arrangements to solidify links, improve outcomes and enhance sustainability.
Large Marine Ecosystems Assessment and Management Approach 2005-2010
Objectives: Recovery of depleted fish biomass and fisheries to promote greater food security, sustainable productivity, and socioeconomic benefits.
Reduction in pollution and eutrophication levels of coastal waters.
Restoration of degraded habitats including coral reefs, mangroves, and wetlands.
Application of LME Indicators: Scotian Shelf LME and the US Northeast Shelf LME 2005-2010
GEF International Waters Conference
20-27 June 2005.
Integrated Coastal and Watershed Management: The Caribbean SIDs Experience
Pursuit of sustainable human development in the context of:
Limited and fragile natural resource base,
Low rates of economic growth,
Weak institutional capacity and rising public expectations,
Harsh internalities and externalities – economic, social and environmental vulnerabilities.
The Response: Sustainable use of watersheds and coastal areas within an integrated planning and development framework.
Western Indian Ocean Region: The Proposed Marine Highway Development and Coastal and Marine Contamination Prevention Project
The specific objectives are to:
(a) To increase the safety of navigation by assessing the risks of catastrophic accidents and taking action to gradually reduce the risks and prevent accidents.
(b)To assist countries to undertake technical work needed to ratify conventions and to translate their provisions into national laws and regulations.
(c)To build capacity in countries to assess the necessary measures to control ship-based pollution.
Partnership for Mediterranean Sustainability: Protection of the Mediterraean Sea Againts pollution from Land Based Sources and Activities
Specifics of the Project: Numerous specific actions (8 fields, more than 40 actions).
Numerous Executive Agencies: (Umbrella project + four sub-projects).
Numerous participating countries (12+8).
Implementation through the existing map structure (UNEP MAP Secretariat, RAC's).
Country driven approaches (Maps, Pre-Investment Studies).