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Developing Renewable Groundwater Resources in Arid Lands: A Pilot Case - The Eastern Desert of Egypt

by Millie Ngoka last modified May 04, 2016 11:36 AM
Project Logo
GEF ID: 985
Project Category: Groundwater
Project Description:
  1. Develop reliable techniques for evaluating the extent of renewable ground water resources in arid lands, with the Eastern Desert of Egypt as a test site. Our preliminary geochemical and isotopic data indicated that flash flood waters stored in shallow aquifers during the past 45 years are the source of the shallow (10?100 m) groundwater in Wadi El Tarfa and surrounding areas in the Eastern Desert (Appendix I).
  2. Evaluate the source(s) of the groundwater in the alluvial aquifers of the Eastern Desert, the timing of their recharge cycle, and the extent of the renewable groundwater resources recharged by rainwater precipitating over the Red Sea Hills area in the Eastern Desert.
  3. Investigate groundwater flow in the alluvial aquifers flooring one of the main valleys of the Eastern Desert.
  4. Produce a replicable model in neighboring Middle Eastern and Saharan countries and thus contribute to the preservation of freshwater ecosystems in the area.
Sub-Region: Northern Africa
Ecosystem: Groundwater
Project Contacts:
  • Mirey Atallah
    Regional Technical Advisor Land Degradation and International Waters, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),
  • Mohamed Bayoumi
    Environment Specialist, Assistant Resident Representative, UNDP Egypt , United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),
  • Ahmad Wagdy Abdeldayem
    Professor of Hydraulics, Cairo University,
Tranche Funding:

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Project Documents:
General Information:
Project Type MSP
Project Status Project Completion
Start Date
Mar 14, 2001 12:00 AM
End Date
Dec 25, 2008 12:00 AM
GEF characteristic:
Operational Programme 9
Focal Area International Waters
GEF Allocation to project 0.83M US$
Total Cost of the project: 1.83M US$
Countries: Egypt
Lead Implementing Agency United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Executing Agencies