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Technical Reports

by Christian Ledermann last modified Nov 20, 2008 07:35 AM
TDAs, SAPs ...
FileEquitable Management of Water and Sanitation in Pacific Island Countries by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
This study, conducted through SOPAC and funded by DFID, was carried out in two stages. The initial phase involved research into current practices and materials related to community participation in water supply and sanitation (WSS) in Pacific Island Countries (PICs). The second phase aimed to provide recommendations, assistance or ‘guidelines’, where necessary, to fieldworkers who are engaged in the provision of water and sanitation to rural communities. It was intended that these ‘guidelines’ would contribute to equitable and sustainable protection of public health and natural assets.
FileEnvironmental Health in the Pacific by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
The focus of the meeting will be on assessing efforts by member states to monitor and control the safety of drinking water and to provide input to ongoing global efforts in revising/ updating the current WHO guidelines.
FileA Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
Economic growth in most of the world has been vigorous, especially in the so-called newly industrialising countries. Nearly all new development activity creates stress on the "pollution carrying capacity" of the environment. Many hydrological systems in developing regions are, or are getting close to, being stressed beyond repair. Industrial pollution, uncontrolled domestic discharges from urban areas, diffuse pollution from agriculture and livestock rearing, and various alterations in land use or hydroinfrastructure may all contribute to non-sustainable use of water resources, eventually leading to negative impacts on the economic development of many countries or even continents.
FileCollection of Extracts on Wastewater from the Pacific regional consultation meeting on sustainable water management by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
The ASPA primary water system is located on the Island of Tutuila. The system extends along the southern coast of Tutuila from the village of Onenoa on the eastern most tip of the island via the downtown Pago Pago Harbor area and to the village of Poloa on the northwestern tip of the island.
FileA Directory of Environmentally Sound Technologies for the Integrated Management of Solid, Liquid and Hazardous Waste for Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in the Pacific Region by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
Small Islands have special physical, demographic and economic features. Their much reduced areas, shortage of natural resources (arable land, freshwater, minerals and conventional energy sources), geological complexity, isolation and widespread nature of their territories, exposure to natural disasters (typhoons, hurricanes, cyclones, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis) sometimes make the water resources, solid waste and wastewater problems of these islands very serious (UNESCO, 1991).
FileFrom Vision to Action Towards Sustainable Water Management in the Pacific by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
The integrated and sustainable management of water resources in small island countries of the Pacific and other regions is vital for the health and social well being of their people, the protection of their environments and the development of their economies. The very limited nature of water resources, the vulnerability of these islands and their resources, including water, to natural disasters, over-exploitation and pollution combined with increasing demands for freshwater due to expanding populations and, in some cases, tourism, industry and agriculture, makes the sustainable management of water resources a very high priority.
FileA Report on the State of the Island by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
This is the sixth annual “State of the Islands” report.
FileAn Option for Wastewater Reuse in the Pacific Islands by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
FileSAP for the Pacific Small Island Developing States by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
FileEnvironmentally Sound Technologies for Wastewater and Stormwater in the Pacific by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
The Pacific Ocean covers some 18 million km2 or about 36% of the Earth’s surface. Scattered throughout the Pacific are over 30 000 small islands and a number of larger islands (each over 2000 km2 in area) which emerge from the sea floor. Of these about 1000 are inhabited. The attached Map shows the Pacific Region covered in this report.
FileGroundwater pollution by sanitation on tropical islands by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
On coral islands and coastal areas of other islands, contamination by sewage can threaten the use of groundwater as a drinking water supply. This is especially severe on small and low-lying islands, where surface water supplies are generally unavailable, and population densities in urbanising areas are increasing ahead of centralised sewerage collection and treatment systems. On such islands soils are usually thin, and aquifers are highly permeable and can only be tapped at shallow depths without drawing in saline water. These factors lead to a high risk of microbiological and nitrate contamination of groundwater which can have serious and recurrent affects on the health of local communities which rely on the groundwater supply.
FileIntegration of social and technical science in groundwater monitoring and management by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
On low lying coral islands, potable water is commonly sourced from shallow, fresh groundwater lenses. Although rainwater is also collected in tanks in the wet periods, dependence on the lense for all water needs becomes critical in dry periods. Protecting the groundwater from pollution is a major concern. In the management of reticulated supplies private land is sometimes converted to a public reserve to restrict access and use in an attempt to ensure that groundwater is protected from surface contaminants.
FileSanitation for Small Islands by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
Although this paper was prepared for use in small islands, it provides a useful introduction to issues and options applicable in many other situations. One of the basic facts of life is that all people need to get rid of waste matter every day. The technical term for this waste is excreta, which consists of faeces, (solid matter), and urine, (liquid matter). See page xx for other technical terms used in this booklet. This booklet has been prepared to give some background and provide some guidelines on sanitary ways of dealing with excreta in the small islands of the Pacific. It is aimed at helping both those considering providing and those considering upgrading their sanitation facilities.
FileTapping Connection Between People and Water (by SOPAC) by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
A full report on the research and the outcomes is available from the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC). The report is titled “Equitable Management of Water and Sanitation in Pacific Island Countries”.
FilePacific Wastewater Framework for Action by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
The Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Landbased Activities (GPA) identifies the priority for action on sewage. In the Pacific region, a consultation process was facilitated by SOPAC, SPREP, PWA and the UNEP/GPA Coordination Office on wastewater management. A Regional Wastewater Management Meeting was held 10-15 October 2001 in Majuro, Republic of Marshall Islands and was the latest in the consultation process, which included preliminary sessions in February and March 2001 in Auckland and Apia. The Majuro meeting was sponsored by the Governments of Belgium, New Zealand and Taiwan/ROC.
FilePacific Wastewater Policy Statement by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
The Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Landbased Activities (GPA) identifies the priority for action on sewage. In the Pacific region, a consultation process was facilitated by SOPAC, SPREP, PWA and the UNEP/GPA Coordination Office on wastewater management. A Regional Wastewater Management Meeting was held 10-15 October 2001 in Majuro, Republic of Marshall Islands and was the latest in the consultation process, which included preliminary sessions in February and March 2001 in Auckland and Apia. The Majuro meeting was sponsored by the Governments of Belgium, New Zealand and Taiwan/ROC.
FileWater Quality Monitoring in Pacific Island Countries by admin — last modified Mar 10, 2010 05:51 AM
Small Island Countries in the Pacific have special physical, demographic and economic features. Their limited land areas, shortage of natural resources (arable land, freshwater, minerals and conventional energy sources), geological complexity, isolation and widespread nature of their territories and exposure to natural disasters (cyclones, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis) cause serious water resources, solid waste and wastewater problems (UNESCO 1991).
FileRapid Response Assessment on Water by admin — last modified Jan 10, 2014 01:10 PM
This report, compiled by GRID-Arendal has been an interagency collaboration led by UNEP and UN-HABITAT in partnership with members of UN Water.
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