Guidelines for the control and management of ships' ballast water to minimise transfer of harmful pathogens(English)
Studies carried out in several countries have shown that many species of bacteria, plants, and animals
can survive in a viable form in the ballast water and sediment carried in ships, even after journeys of several
months' duration. Subsequent discharge of ballast water or sediment into the waters of port States may result
in the establishment of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens which may pose threats to indigenous human,
animal and plant life, and the marine environment.
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