Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Indonesia
The Djuanda Declaration, 13 December 1957, stated that Indonesia is an Archipelagic State. It is stipulated that the body of water surrounding, within and connecting the islands of Republic of Indonesia is inseparable part of the Republic of Indonesia territory as one united country. The concept of archipelagic state is recognized in the United Nation Convention on The Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) on December 10th 1982 and ratified with Republic of Indonesia Act Number 17, in the year1985.This recognition presents a broad responsibility in order to manage, secure and sustainably utilized the Republic of Indonesia’s territory and all of its resources. It requires great maritime capability, supported by developed human resources, large amount of financial resources and modern technology.
There are four underlying and important reasons for the establishment of MMAF:
1. Indonesia, with 17.508 islands and 81.000 Kilometers of shoreline, is the biggest archipelagic state
with immense marine natural resources which have not been optimally and sustainably utilized.
2. Several decades ago, Indonesian development program focused more on land in which land-based
natural resources are largely depleted or dangerously exhausted. That is why marine natural
resources are important to be the capital for the future development plan.
3. Indonesian population growth, coupled with the growing consciousness of how fisheries products can
significantly contribute to human health and intelligent, ensure that marine and fisheries sector would
play an increasingly important role in the future.
4. Coastal and marine region are very dynamic, with immense natural resources and great amount of
problems which arises during the extraction activities. These problems should be address immediately
and decisively for the sake of sustainable and responsible utilization of coastal and marine natural
The MMAF mission, functions, organizational structures and its position in the cabinet are determined by Presidential Decree No.165 in the year 2000 issued in 23 November 2000. The Presidential decree No.9 in the year 2005, stipulated that the main mission of the MMAF is: “To Assist the President (of the Republic of Indonesia) in holding the process of governance in the Marine and Fisheries sector”
The Functions of the MMAF are:
1. The formulation of national policy, implementation policy and technical policy in the Marine and
2. The implementation of the governance affairs in the Marine and Fisheries Sector;
3. The management of state-owned properties under MMAF;
4. The supervision of MMAF mission implementation;
5. Delivery of report to the President on the account of evaluations, suggestions and consideration on
MMAF mission and Function.