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International Maritime Organization (IMO)

by christian — last modified Mar 15, 2011 11:28 AM


4 Albert Embankment


London

Global

SE1 7SR

United Kingdom


44.20.7587.3119

44.20.7587.3210

Shipping is perhaps the most international of all the world's great industries and one of the most dangerous. It has always been recognized that the best way of improving safety at sea is by developing international regulations that are followed by all shipping nations and from the mid-19th century onwards a number of such treaties were adopted. Several countries proposed that a permanent international body should be established to promote maritime safety more effectively, but it was not until the establishment of the United Nations itself that these hopes were realized. In 1948 an international conference in Geneva adopted a convention formally establishing IMO (the original name was the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, or IMCO, but the name was changed in 1982 to IMO). <p> The IMO Convention entered into force in 1958 and the new Organization met for the first time the following year. <p> The purposes of the Organization, as summarized by Article 1(a) of the Convention, are \to provide machinery for cooperation among Governments in the field of governmental regulation and practices relating to technical matters of all kinds affecting shipping engaged in international trade